Curious What Happened on a Specific Date?

Select the date below and discover what happened on a specific date throughout the history!

Date Month

January 31, 314

Pope Sylvester I is consecrated, as successor to the late Pope Miltiades.

January 31, 1208

The Battle of Lena takes place between King Sverker II of Sweden and his rival, Prince Eric, whose victory puts him on the throne as King Eric X of Sweden.

January 31, 1504

The Treaty of Lyon ends the Italian War, confirming French domination of northern Italy, while Spain receives the Kingdom of Naples.

January 31, 1578

Eighty Years' War and Anglo-Spanish War: The Battle of Gembloux is a victory for Spanish forces led by Don John of Austria over a rebel army of Dutch, Flemish, English, Scottish, German, French and Walloons.

January 31, 1606

Gunpowder Plot: Four of the conspirators, including Guy Fawkes, are executed for treason by hanging, drawing and quartering, for plotting against Parliament and King James.

January 31, 1747

The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.

January 31, 1814

Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina).

January 31, 1846

After the Milwaukee Bridge War, the United States towns of Juneautown and Kilbourntown unify to create the City of Milwaukee.

January 31, 1848

John C. Frémont is court-martialed for mutiny and disobeying orders.

January 31, 1862

Alvan Graham Clark discovers the white dwarf star Sirius B, a companion of Sirius, through an 18.5-inch (47 cm) telescope now located at Northwestern University.

January 31, 1865

American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery, and submits it to the states for ratification.

January 31, 1865

American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief of all Confederate armies.

January 31, 1891

History of Portugal: The first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.

January 31, 1900

Datu Muhammad Salleh is killed in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.

January 31, 1901

Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters premieres at Moscow Art Theatre in Russia.

January 31, 1915

World War I: Germany is the first to make large-scale use of poison gas in warfare in the Battle of Bolimów against Russia.

January 31, 1917

World War I: Kaiser Wilhelm II orders the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.

January 31, 1918

A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

January 31, 1918

Finnish Civil War: The Suinula massacre, which changes the nature of the war in a more hostile direction, takes place in Kangasala.

January 31, 1919

The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland, during a campaign for shorter working hours.

January 31, 1928

Leon Trotsky is exiled to Alma-Ata.

January 31, 1942

World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to Singapore.

January 31, 1943

World War II: German field marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed two days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of the war's fiercest battles.

January 31, 1944

World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

January 31, 1944

World War II: During the Anzio campaign, the 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.

January 31, 1945

US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed for desertion, the first such execution of an American soldier since the Civil War.

January 31, 1945

World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.

January 31, 1945

World War II: The end of fighting in the Battle of Hill 170 during the Burma Campaign, in which the British 3 Commando Brigade repulsed a Japanese counterattack on their positions and precipitated a general retirement from the Arakan Peninsula.

January 31, 1946

Cold War: Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling that of the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).

January 31, 1946

The Democratic Republic of Vietnam introduces the đồng to replace the French Indochinese piastre at par.

January 31, 1949

These Are My Children, the first television daytime soap opera, is broadcast by the NBC station in Chicago.

January 31, 1950

President Truman orders the development of thermonuclear weapons.

January 31, 1951

United Nations Security Council Resolution 90 relating to the Korean War is adopted.

January 31, 1953

A North Sea flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands and over 300 in the United Kingdom.

January 31, 1957

Eight people (five total crew from two aircraft and three on the ground) in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

January 31, 1958

Cold War: Space Race: The first successful American satellite detects the Van Allen radiation belt.

January 31, 1961

Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2: The chimpanzee Ham travels into outer space.

January 31, 1966

The Soviet Union launches the unmanned Luna 9 spacecraft as part of the Luna program.

January 31, 1968

Vietnam War: Viet Cong guerrillas attack the United States embassy in Saigon, and other attacks, in the early morning hours, later grouped together as the Tet Offensive.

January 31, 1968

Nauru gains independence from Australia.

January 31, 1971

Apollo program: Apollo 14: Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.

January 31, 1971

The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begins in Detroit.

January 31, 1978

The Crown of St. Stephen (also known as the Holy Crown of Hungary) goes on public display after being returned to Hungary from the United States, where it was held after World War II.

January 31, 1988

Doug Williams becomes the first African-American quarterback to play in a Super Bowl and leads the Washington Redskins to victory in Super Bowl XXII.

January 31, 1996

An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo, killing at least 86 people and injuring 1,400.

January 31, 2000

Alaska Airlines Flight 261 crash: An MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, California, killing all 88 aboard.

January 31, 2001

In the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

January 31, 2001

Two Japan Airlines planes nearly collide over Suruga Bay in Japan.

January 31, 2009

In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.

January 31, 2018

Both a blue moon and a total lunar eclipse occur.

January 31, 2019

Abdullah of Pahang is sworn in as the 16th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.

January 31, 2020

The United Kingdom's membership within the European Union ceases in accordance with Article 50, after 47 years of being a member state.

January 31, 2022

Sue Gray, a senior civil servant in the United Kingdom, publishes an initial version of her report on the Downing Street Partygate controversy.


  • Born on January 31, 1512 Henry, King of Portugal (d. 1580)
    • Born on January 31, 1543 Tokugawa Ieyasu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1616)
      • Born on January 31, 1583 Peter Bulkley, English and later American Puritan (d. 1659)
        • Born on January 31, 1597 John Francis Regis, French priest and saint (d. 1640)
          • Born on January 31, 1607 James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby (d. 1651)
            • Born on January 31, 1624 Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher and academic (d. 1669)
              • Born on January 31, 1673 Louis de Montfort, French priest and saint (d. 1716)
                • Born on January 31, 1686 Hans Egede, Norwegian missionary and explorer (d. 1758)
                  • Born on January 31, 1752 Gouverneur Morris, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to France (d. 1816)
                    • Born on January 31, 1759 François Devienne, French flute player and composer (d. 1803)
                      • Born on January 31, 1769 André-Jacques Garnerin, French balloonist and the inventor of the frameless parachute (d. 1823)
                        • Born on January 31, 1785 Magdalena Dobromila Rettigová, Czech cook book author (d. 1845)
                          • Born on January 31, 1797 Franz Schubert, Austrian pianist and composer (d. 1828)
                            • Born on January 31, 1799 Rodolphe Töpffer, Swiss teacher, author, painter, cartoonist, and caricaturist (d. 1846)
                              • Born on January 31, 1820 William B. Washburn, American politician, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
                                • Born on January 31, 1835 Lunalilo of Hawaii (d. 1874)
                                  • Born on January 31, 1854 David Emmanuel, Romanian mathematician and academic (d. 1941)
                                    • Born on January 31, 1865 Henri Desgrange, French cyclist and journalist (d. 1940)
                                      • Born on January 31, 1865 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader, founded BAPS (d. 1951)
                                        • Born on January 31, 1868 Theodore William Richards, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1928)
                                          • Born on January 31, 1872 Zane Grey, American author (d. 1939)
                                            • Born on January 31, 1881 Irving Langmuir, American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1957)
                                              • Born on January 31, 1884 Theodor Heuss, German journalist and politician, 1st President of the Federal Republic of Germany (d. 1963)
                                                • Born on January 31, 1884 Mammad Amin Rasulzade, Azerbaijani scholar and politician, 1st President of The Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (d. 1955)
                                                  • Born on January 31, 1889 Frank Foster, English cricketer (d. 1958)
                                                    • Born on January 31, 1892 Eddie Cantor, American singer-songwriter, actor, and dancer (d. 1964)
                                                      • Born on January 31, 1894 Isham Jones, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1956)
                                                        • Born on January 31, 1896 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1966)
                                                          • Born on January 31, 1900 Betty Parsons, American artist, art dealer and collector (d. 1982)
                                                            • Born on January 31, 1902 Nat Bailey, Canadian businessman, founded White Spot (d. 1978)
                                                              • Born on January 31, 1902 Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (d. 1968)
                                                                • Born on January 31, 1902 Alva Myrdal, Swedish sociologist and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1902 Julian Steward, American anthropologist (d. 1972)
                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1905 John O'Hara, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1970)
                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1909 Miron Grindea, Romanian-English journalist (d. 1995)
                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1913 Don Hutson, American football player and coach (d. 1997)
                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1914 Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer and police officer (d. 1994)
                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1915 Bobby Hackett, American trumpet player and cornet player (d. 1976)
                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1915 Alan Lomax, American historian, author, and scholar (d. 2002)
                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1915 Thomas Merton, American monk and author (d. 1968)
                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1915 Garry Moore, American comedian and game show host (d. 1993)
                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1916 Frank Parker, American tennis player (d. 1997)
                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1917 Fred Bassetti, American architect and academic, founded Bassetti Architects (d. 2013)
                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1919 Jackie Robinson, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1972)
                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1920 Stewart Udall, American lawyer and politician, 37th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 2010)
                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1920 Bert Williams, English footballer (d. 2014)
                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1921 John Agar, American actor (d. 2002)
                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1921 Carol Channing, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2019)
                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1921 E. Fay Jones, American architect, designed the Thorncrown Chapel (d. 2004)
                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1921 Mario Lanza, American tenor and actor (d. 1959)
                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1922 Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1923 Norman Mailer, American journalist and author (d. 2007)
                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1925 Benjamin Hooks, American minister, lawyer, and activist (d. 2010)
                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1926 Tom Alston, American baseball player (d. 1993)
                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1926 Chuck Willis, American singer-songwriter (d. 1958)
                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1927 Norm Prescott, American animator, producer, and composer, co-founded Filmation Studios (d. 2005)
                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1928 Irma Wyman, American computer scientist and engineer (d. 2015)
                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1929 Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1929 Jean Simmons, English-American actress (d. 2010)
                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1930 Joakim Bonnier, Swedish race car driver (d. 1972)
                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1930 Al De Lory, American composer, conductor, and producer (d. 2012)
                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1931 Ernie Banks, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)
                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1931 Christopher Chataway, English runner, journalist, and politician (d. 2014)
                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1932 Miron Babiak, Polish sea captain (d. 2013)
                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1933 Camille Henry, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1997)
                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1933 Morton Mower, American cardiologist and inventor (d. 2022)
                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1934 Ernesto Brambilla, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver (d. 2020)
                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1934 Gene DeWeese, American author (d. 2012)
                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1934 James Franciscus, American actor and producer (d. 1991)
                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1934 Bob Turner, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2005)
                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1935 Kenzaburō Ōe, Japanese author and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1936 Can Bartu, Turkish former basketball and football player (d. 2019)
                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1937 Regimantas Adomaitis, Lithuanian actor
                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1937 Andrée Boucher, Canadian educator and politician, 39th Mayor of Quebec City (d. 2007)
                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1937 Philip Glass, American composer
                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1937 Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (d. 2008)
                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1938 Beatrix of the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1938 Lynn Carlin, American actress
                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1938 James G. Watt, American lawyer and politician, 43rd United States Secretary of the Interior
                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1940 Kitch Christie, South African rugby player and coach (d. 1998)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1940 Stuart Margolin, American actor and director
                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1941 Dick Gephardt, American lawyer and politician
                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1941 Gerald McDermott, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1941 Jessica Walter, American actress (d. 2021)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1942 Daniela Bianchi, Italian actress
                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1942 Derek Jarman, English director, stage designer, and author (d. 1994)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1944 John Inverarity, Australian cricketer and coach
                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1945 Rynn Berry, American historian and author (d. 2014)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1945 Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, English lawyer, judge, and academic
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1945 Joseph Kosuth, American sculptor and theorist
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1946 Terry Kath, American guitarist and singer-songwriter (d. 1978)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1946 Medin Zhega, Albanian footballer and manager (d. 2012)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1947 Nolan Ryan, American baseball player
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1947 Matt Minglewood, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1947 Glynn Turman, American actor
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1948 Volkmar Groß, German footballer (d. 2014)
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1948 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1949 Johan Derksen, Dutch footballer and journalist
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1949 Norris Church Mailer, American model and educator (d. 2010)
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1949 Ken Wilber, American sociologist, philosopher, and author
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1950 Denise Fleming, American author and illustrator
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1950 Alexander Korzhakov, Russian general and bodyguard
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1950 Janice Rebibo, American-Israeli author and poet (d. 2015)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1951 Harry Wayne Casey, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1954 Faoud Bacchus, Guyanese cricketer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1954 Adrian Vandenberg, Dutch guitarist and songwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1955 Virginia Ruzici, Romanian tennis player and manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1956 Guido van Rossum, Dutch programmer, creator of the Python programming language
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1956 John Lydon, English singer-songwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1957 Shirley Babashoff, American swimmer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1958 Armin Reichel, German footballer and manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1959 Anthony LaPaglia, Australian actor and producer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1959 Kelly Lynch, American model and actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1960 Akbar Ganji, Iranian journalist and author
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1960 Grant Morrison, Scottish author and screenwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1960 Željko Šturanović, Montenegrin politician, 31st Prime Minister of Montenegro (d. 2014)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1961 Elizabeth Barker, Baroness Barker, English politician
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1961 Fatou Bensouda, Gambian lawyer and judge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1961 Lloyd Cole, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1963 Craig Coleman, Australian rugby league player and coach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1963 Gwen Graham, American lawyer and politician
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1964 Martha MacCallum, American journalist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1964 Dawn Prince-Hughes, American scientist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1965 Giorgos Gasparis, Greek basketball player and coach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1965 Ofra Harnoy, Israeli-Canadian cellist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1965 Peter Sagal, American author and radio host
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1966 Umar Alisha, Indian journalist and philanthropist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1966 Thant Myint-U, Myanmar historian, diplomat, conservationist, and former presidential advisor.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1966 Dexter Fletcher, English actor and director
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1967 Fat Mike, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1968 John Collins, Scottish footballer and manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1968 Matt King, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1968 Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician, 2nd Swedish Minister for Infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1968 Patrick Stevens, Belgian sprinter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1969 Dov Charney, Canadian-American fashion designer and businessman, founded American Apparel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1969 Daniel Moder, American cinematographer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1970 Minnie Driver, English singer-songwriter and actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1970 Danny Michel, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1971 Patricia Velásquez, Venezuelan model and actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1973 Portia de Rossi, Australian-American actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1974 Othella Harrington, American basketball player and coach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1974 Ariel Pestano, Cuban baseball player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1975 Preity Zinta, Indian actress, producer, and television host
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1976 Traianos Dellas, Greek footballer and manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1976 Buddy Rice, American race car driver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1977 Kerry Washington, American actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1978 Fabián Caballero, Argentinian footballer and manager
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1979 Daniel Tammet, English author and educator
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1980 James Adomian, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1980 Gary Doherty, Irish footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1980 Shim Yi-young, South Korean actress
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1981 Julio Arca, Argentinian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1981 Mark Cameron, Australian cricketer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1981 Gemma Collins, English media personality and businesswoman
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1981 Justin Timberlake, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1982 Maret Ani, Estonian tennis player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1982 Allan McGregor, Scottish international footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1982 Jānis Sprukts, Latvian ice hockey player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1983 Fabio Quagliarella, Italian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1984 Vernon Davis, American football player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1984 Josh Johnson, Canadian-American baseball player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1984 Jeremy Wariner, American runner
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1984 Alessandro Zanni, Italian rugby player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1985 Adam Federici, Australian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1985 Mario Williams, American football player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1986 Walter Dix, American sprinter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1986 Megan Ellison, American film producer, founded Annapurna Pictures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1986 George Elokobi, Cameroonian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1986 Yves Ma-Kalambay, Belgian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1986 Pauline Parmentier, French tennis player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1987 Marcus Mumford, American-English singer-songwriter
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1988 Brett Pitman, English footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 1988 Taijo Teniste, Estonian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Born on January 31, 1990 Jacopo Fortunato, Italian footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Born on January 31, 1990 Jacob Markström, Swedish ice hockey player
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Born on January 31, 1990 Kota Yabu, Japanese idol, singer-songwriter, model, actor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Born on January 31, 1990 Cro, German rapper
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Born on January 31, 1993 Qiu Bo, China Diver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Born on January 31, 1994 Kenneth Zohore, Danish footballer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Born on January 31, 1996 Nikita Dragun, American Youtuber
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Born on January 31, 2006 Sára Bejlek, Czech tennis player

  • Died on January 31, 632 Máedóc of Ferns, Irish bishop and saint (b. 550)
    • Died on January 31, 876 Hemma of Altdorf, Frankish queen
      • Died on January 31, 985 Ryōgen, Japanese monk and abbot (b. 912)
        • Died on January 31, 1030 William V, duke of Aquitaine (b. 969)
          • Died on January 31, 1216 Theodore II, patriarch of Constantinople
            • Died on January 31, 1398 Sukō, emperor of Japan (b. 1334)
              • Died on January 31, 1418 Mircea I, prince of Wallachia (b. 1355)
                • Died on January 31, 1435 Xuande, emperor of China (b. 1398)
                  • Died on January 31, 1561 Bairam Khan, Mughalan general (b. 1501)
                    • Died on January 31, 1561 Menno Simons, Dutch minister and theologian (b. 1496)
                      • Died on January 31, 1580 Henry, king of Portugal (b. 1512)
                        • Died on January 31, 1606 Guy Fawkes, English conspirator, leader of the Gunpowder Plot (b. 1570)
                          • Died on January 31, 1606 Ambrose Rookwood, English Gunpowder Plot conspirator (b. 1578)
                            • Died on January 31, 1606 Thomas Wintour, English Gunpowder Plot conspirator (b. 1571)
                              • Died on January 31, 1615 Claudio Acquaviva, Italian priest, 5th Superior General of the Society of Jesus (b. 1543)
                                • Died on January 31, 1632 Jost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
                                  • Died on January 31, 1665 Johannes Clauberg, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1622)
                                    • Died on January 31, 1686 Jean Mairet, French playwright (b. 1604)
                                      • Died on January 31, 1720 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1654)
                                        • Died on January 31, 1729 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
                                          • Died on January 31, 1736 Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect and set designer, designed the Basilica of Superga (b. 1678)
                                            • Died on January 31, 1790 Thomas Lewis, Irish-born American lawyer and surveyor (b. 1718)
                                              • Died on January 31, 1794 Mariot Arbuthnot, English admiral and politician, 12th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (b. 1711)
                                                • Died on January 31, 1811 Manuel Alberti, Argentinian priest and journalist (b. 1763)
                                                  • Died on January 31, 1815 José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan soldier (b. 1775)
                                                    • Died on January 31, 1828 Alexander Ypsilantis, Greek general (b. 1792)
                                                      • Died on January 31, 1836 John Cheyne, English physician and author (b. 1777)
                                                        • Died on January 31, 1844 Henri Gatien Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
                                                          • Died on January 31, 1856 11th Dalai Lama (b. 1838)
                                                            • Died on January 31, 1870 Cilibi Moise, Moldavian-Romanian journalist and author (b. 1812)
                                                              • Died on January 31, 1888 John Bosco, Italian priest and educator, founded the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
                                                                • Died on January 31, 1892 Charles Spurgeon, English pastor and author (b. 1834)
                                                                  • Died on January 31, 1900 John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish nobleman (b. 1844)
                                                                    • Died on January 31, 1907 Timothy Eaton, Canadian businessman, founded Eaton's (b. 1834)
                                                                      • Died on January 31, 1911 Paul Singer, German politician (b. 1844)
                                                                        • Died on January 31, 1923 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish painter and critic (b. 1869)
                                                                          • Died on January 31, 1933 John Galsworthy, English novelist and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
                                                                            • Died on January 31, 1942 Henry Larkin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1860)
                                                                              • Died on January 31, 1944 Jean Giraudoux, French author and playwright (b. 1882)
                                                                                • Died on January 31, 1954 Edwin Howard Armstrong, American engineer, invented FM radio (b. 1890)
                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 1954 Vivian Woodward, English captain and footballer (b. 1879)
                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 1955 John Mott, American activist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 1956 A. A. Milne, English author, poet, and playwright, created Winnie-the-Pooh (b. 1882)
                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 1958 Karl Selter, Estonian politician, 14th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1898)
                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 1960 Auguste Herbin, French painter (b. 1882)
                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 1961 Krishna Singh, Indian politician, 1st Chief Minister of Bihar (b. 1887)
                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 1966 Arthur Percival, English general (b. 1887)
                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 1967 Eddie Tolan, American sprinter and educator (b. 1908)
                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 1969 Meher Baba, Indian spiritual master (b. 1894)
                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 1971 Viktor Zhirmunsky, Russian historian and linguist (b. 1891)
                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 1973 Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 1974 Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-American film producer, co-founded Goldwyn Pictures (b. 1882)
                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 1976 Ernesto Miranda, American criminal (b. 1941)
                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 1976 Evert Taube, Swedish author and composer (b. 1890)
                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 1985 Reginald Baker, English-Australian film producer (b. 1896)
                                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 1985 Tatsuzō Ishikawa, Japanese author (b. 1905)
                                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 1987 Yves Allégret, French director and screenwriter (b. 1907)
                                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 1989 William Stephenson, Canadian captain and spy (b. 1896)
                                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 1990 Eveline Du Bois-Reymond Marcus, German zoologist and academic (b. 1901)
                                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 1990 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-American biochemist and academic (b. 1935)
                                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 1995 George Abbott, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1887)
                                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 1997 John Joseph Scanlan, Irish-American bishop (b. 1930)
                                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 1999 Giant Baba, Japanese wrestler and trainer, co-founded All Japan Pro Wrestling (b. 1938)
                                                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 1999 Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (b. 1929)
                                                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 2000 Gil Kane, Latvian-American author and illustrator (b. 1926)
                                                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 2001 Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian-American author (b. 1923)
                                                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 2002 Gabby Gabreski, American colonel and pilot (b. 1919)
                                                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 2004 Eleanor Holm, American swimmer and actress (b. 1913)
                                                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 2004 Suraiya, Indian actress and playback singer (b. 1929)
                                                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 2006 Moira Shearer, Scottish actress and ballerina (b. 1926)
                                                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 2007 Molly Ivins, American journalist and author (b. 1944)
                                                                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 2007 Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and politician (b. 1929)
                                                                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 2008 František Čapek, Czechoslovakian canoeist (b. 1914)
                                                                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 2011 Bartolomeu Anania, Romanian bishop and poet (b. 1921)
                                                                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 2011 Mark Ryan, English guitarist and playwright (b. 1959)
                                                                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 2012 Mani Ram Bagri, Indian lawyer and politician (b. 1920)
                                                                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 2012 Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal (b. 1923)
                                                                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 2012 Tristram Potter Coffin, American author, scholar, and academic (b. 1922)
                                                                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 2012 Dorothea Tanning, American painter and sculptor (b. 1910)
                                                                                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 2013 Rubén Bonifaz Nuño, Mexican poet and scholar (b. 1923)
                                                                                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 2013 Hassan Habibi, Iranian lawyer and politician, 1st Vice President of Iran (b. 1937)
                                                                                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 2014 Francis M. Fesmire, American cardiologist and physician (b. 1959)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 2014 Anna Gordy Gaye, American songwriter and producer, co-founded Anna Records (b. 1922)
                                                                                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 2014 Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Somalian politician, 4th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1924)
                                                                                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 2014 Miklós Jancsó, Hungarian director and screenwriter (b. 1921)
                                                                                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 2014 Joseph Willcox Jenkins, American composer, conductor, and educator (b. 1928)
                                                                                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 2014 Christopher Jones, American actor (b. 1941)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Died on January 31, 2015 Vic Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1929)
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Died on January 31, 2015 Udo Lattek, German footballer, coach, and journalist (b. 1935)
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Died on January 31, 2015 Lizabeth Scott, American actress (b. 1922)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Died on January 31, 2015 Richard von Weizsäcker, German captain and politician, 6th President of Germany (b. 1920)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Died on January 31, 2016 Terry Wogan, Irish radio and television host (b. 1938)
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Died on January 31, 2017 Rob Stewart, Canadian filmmaker (b. 1979)
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Died on January 31, 2018 Rasual Butler, American professional basketball player (b. 1979)
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Died on January 31, 2018 Leah LaBelle, American singer (b. 1986)

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